Geologists, also called Geoscientists, study the physical aspects of the
Earth. Earth research includes the study of composition, structure, and
the processes of the planet. They use their research to learn about the
past, present, and future of our world. Geologists can be found looking for
natural resources, mitigating natural disasters, and examining the effects of
weather on the earth over time. Geologists can find themselves working for
government agencies, companies, industries such as oil and gas, and academic
A Geologist goes to locations, collects samples, and conducts surveys. They
will analyze aerial photographs, records of geologic formations, rock samples,
and other data sources looking for natural resources. They perform more
detailed analysis in the lab to extract further detail on the resource deposit.
Geologists create geologic maps, prepare reports, and present their findings
to the communities they serve. They can also specialize in the structure
of rock (stratigraphers) and the structure of minerals (mineralogists).
Geological specialists can focus on the chemistry of earth material and are
called Geochemists. There are also specialists called Geophysicists who
study physics to explore the magnetic, gravitational and electric fields the
Earth emits. There are also Paleontologists, Petroleum Geologists, and
Seismologists all exploring different aspects of the Earth.
A Geologist typically needs a bachelor’s degree in geosciences. However,
some begin their careers with degrees in environmental engineering.
Advancement in the field can include further education, such as a master’s
degree in a geoscience specialization. Students with a strong background in
physical sciences, mathematics, engineering, and computer science will do
well. Developing strong communication skills and critical-thinking skills is a
must. Outdoor skills and physical ability are needed to reach the field study